The art and science behind designing the interior of buildings is to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for those residing within the space. The industry is ever-changing, evolving and moving. For example, interior design trends that kick-start in Paris can often be found in London shortly after.
The professional interior design industry has come a long way since its inception; arguably since the beginning of time. Considering shelter and homes are an essential element of a society, one can only imagine that creating functional, warm and inviting spaces was always practised.
These practices either started remotely, in small villages with little external influence; or were materialised through the sharing of trends and learning from one another. Whatever the case, it is clear that each region has specific cultural, historical and sentimental approaches to the way they design interiors. This notion of ‘heritage interior design’ withstands the test of time, as we still see traditional design elements passed down the generations.
The case of Turkey is a prime example of notable design elements, that are recognisable and attributable to the country. The çeşm-i bülbül derived from the Ottoman filigree glass technique and paved the way for what we now associate with Turkish light design. Turkey’s decorative heritage is one of its defining features and an important symbol of national identity.
The attachment to decorative heritage is not exclusive to Turkey. In fact, the Ottoman Empire played a large role in spreading styles, techniques, arts and crafts. In more recent years, the phenomenon of globalisation has made the sharing and borrowing of interior design strategies and styles, inevitable.
Globalisation and interior design
What was once an industry, hobby or simply a necessity, whereby the interior design of a building reflected the functional requirements and cultural history of that specific region; has evolved into a concoction of different styles. Wherever you are in the world, you can be sure to find some appreciation for a foreign land, materialised int the interior design of some buildings.
What have been the causes of this fluidity? And how has our increasingly interconnected worlds allowed and largely celebrated this development in the interior design industry?
Interior design and the movement of people
One of the most beautiful things about the movement of people around the world is the knowledge, skill, ideas and styles they bring with them. From country to country and continent to continent, designers travel and collect inspiration from all over the world.
It’s for this reason that we can often go into town and pop into different buildings and expect to find an array of interior design. More specifically, heritage interior design has made more frequent appearances in unexpected places.
Holidaymakers travelling to India may well bring home inspired new visions of what their home should look like. Likewise, professional interior designers travel the world and bring home new perspectives on colour, texture, shape and form.
Movement of ideas through technology
Globalisation has meant that more people are flowing between borders and across continents. Another important element of globalisation has been technological developments. Faster communication, augmented reality, and the ability to be virtually anywhere has enabled ideas to flow around the world at impressive speeds.
No longer must you travel to the Nordic countries to find out that you want to incorporate minimalism into the style of your home. You’re not even required to have the latest technology. Simply browsing online gives you the same ability as those who travel to Scandinavia, for example.
It’s for these technological advancements in communication, access to the internet, a willingness to share ideas and the movement of people, that interior design has taken a new form. Whilst art movements and country-specific styles still hold their place, we are witnessing a collage of international styles and cultures.